Study of transgen functionality in T2 biotechnological plants of winter wheat on the sign of osmoresistance

  • A. G. Komisarenko Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • S. I. Mykhalska Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
  • V. M. Kurchii Institute of Plant Physiology and Genetics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine


Aim. To investigate the functionality of the transgene in the seed generation (T2) of genetically modified winter wheat plants (Triticum aestivum L.) in terms of productivity in conditions of normal and insufficient water supply. Methods. Determination of yield structure and protein content. Results. The indicators of productivity of control and T2 biotechnological plants under normal growing conditions and water deficit are analyzed. The quantitative composition of protein in the conditions before and after osmotic stress and in the period of rehydration was determined. Conclusions. It is shown that under the action of water deficit there is a decrease in productivity for all studied plants. In this case, genetically modified plants had an advantage in the main elements of the crop structure over the original form under both analyzed growing conditions. It was found that under normal conditions of hydration, the amount of protein in the studied plants did not differ significantly. An increase in its content in control plants under the action of osmotic stress was recorded, which may indicate the synthesis of stress response proteins. Decreased protein content during rehydration may indicate the passage of normal metabolic processes.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., biotechnological plants, proline dehydrogenase gene, structural analysis of yield, osmostability.


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