Application of nanomaterial for maturation in vitro of cattle embryos

  • P. A. Trotskyi Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M. V. Zubets of National Academy of Agrarian Science of Ukraine
  • O. V. Shcherbak Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M. V. Zubets of National Academy of Agrarian Science of Ukraine
  • S. I. Kovtun Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics nd. a. M. V. Zubets of National Academy of Agrarian Science of Ukraine


Aim. To evaluate the effectiveness of the use of nanomaterial in the environment for the further development of in vitro embryos derived from frozen-thawed oocytes in the system of conservation of genetic resources of animals at the cellular level. Methods. Biotechnological, cryobiological, morphological, cytogenetic, and statistical methods, as well as methods of statistical data processing were used in the research. Results. Oocyte-cumulus complexes (OCC) of cows were divided into four groups: three experimental, in which the maturation was performed in a medium containing 0.1, 0.01 and 0.001% UFS/sucrose and control - without the addition of nanobiomaterial. In vitro fertilization of pre-mature frozen-thawed ova of cows and subsequent maturation of embryos in the medium with the addition of UFS/sucrose (0.001%) showed an increase in the number of embryos by 16.7-22.1% compared with the addition of 0.1; 0.01% and 13.1% compared to the control group. It was found that the fragmentation rate of 2-cell cattle embryos decreased from 65.0 to 39.8% with a decrease in the concentration of UFS/sucrose from 0.1 to 0.001%. The most stable indicators of the fragmentation index from 78.4 to 50.0% were observed on the fourth day of embryo cultivation in experimental group B. Conclusions. Reducing the concentration of UFS/sucrose from 0.1 to 0.001% in the composition of the medium for in vitro maturation of cattle embryos leads to an increase of 16.7-22.1% in the number of embryos obtained.

Keywords: oocyte-cumulus complex, cryopreservation, nanomaterial, in vitro maturation, embryo.


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