Agrobacterium-mediated in planta genetic transformation of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  • S. I. Mykhalska
  • A. G. Komisarenko
  • V. M. Kurchii
  • O. M. Tishchenko


Aim. To optimize the agrobacterium-mediated method of winter wheat transformation (Triticum aestivum L.); to select the conditions and period of inoculation to effectively transfer the genes during pollination. Methods. Agrobacterium-mediated in planta genetic transformation of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) during pollination. Results. The conditions for agrobacterium-mediated transformation method of winter wheat during natural (frequency pollination was 1 %) and non-natural (frequency pollination was 4 %) pollination were defined. Conclusions. The possibility of integrating transgenes into the genome of winter wheat plants by the method of Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in planta in the process of forced and natural pollination is demonstrated. It is found that the transformation efficiency to a large extent depends on the plant genotype and the method of carrying out the transformation procedure. The selection of transgenic plants under water deficit conditions allowed to identify the plants with functional transgene. The signs of functioning transgene have been remaining in the next generation of genetically modified winter wheat.

Keywords: Triticum aestivum L., Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in planta, transgenic plants, seeds.


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