Evolution of the stochastic and structural type ecosystem

  • A. N. Mikhyeyev
  • A. A. Protasov


The article attempts to apply a systematic approach to the consideration of types of existing systems to identify the specific evolution of ecosystems at different levels of organization. The conceptual main consideration of the problem of the specifics of the evolution of biotic systems at different levels of organization was the idea of the alternation of the types of their organization, namely, the statistical (C-system) and deterministic (D-system). For evolutionary transformations of C-systems (for example, populations), the influence of altered environmental factors is of primary importance, and for internal systems, for systems (for example, communities). The idea that the D-systems evolve according to the type of nomogenesis, and the C-system – selectogenesis is substantiated. Within the framework of the proposed isolation of different types of systems, the evolution of the biosphere probably proceeds according to the type of evolution of D-systems. Structural elements of the biosphere are diverse biogeocenoses, each of which represents a C-type system formed by the corresponding communities and elements of the environment.

Keywords: evolution, levels of organization, ecosystems, biosphere.


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